Friday and 13: To Fear Or Not To Fear?

 

Have you ever noticed that notorious killers have 13 letters in their names?

JACK THE RIPPER (count ’em)

CHARLES MANSON (count ’em)

JEFFREY DAHMER (you guessed it!)

Cue eerie music.

Humankind has long associated the number 13 with evil.  Some office buildings and hotels have been built without a 13th floor. Some airlines, including  Continental and Air France, do  not have a 13th row in their planes. Even Winston Churchill, the ultimate pragmatist, refused to sit in the 13th row in theaters.

But wait!  Thirteen may not be as bad as we think.

Consider the ancient Aztecs. They were pretty smart, and they  revered the number 13.   The Aztec week lasted 13 days.  They measured their year in 260 days.  It was divided into 20 thirteen day periods. The thirteen day period was called a Trecena.

The Aztecs even had a goddess of the number 13.

In Aztec mythology, the goddess Tlazolteotl ruled the 13th Trecena. She was, to be fair, a bit of a bad girl — the goddess of sin and patron saint of adulterers.  However, Tlazolteotl  was also beneficent and wise. It was her place to forgive sins of a sexual nature. In Aztec culture, she was associated with the steam bath and encouraged it as a purification ritual.

In Tarot, although 13 is the Death card, it is not necessarily to be feared, as the card represents true change and reinvention that can only come about through symbolic death.

One of the reasons 13 got its bad rap was because of the Last Supper. Jesus had 12 disciples, so including himself there were 13 people attending the infamous dinner.  Some say Judas Iscariot was the last to arrive (the 13th guest). Some say it was Jesus himself. Regardless, both men came to a bad end. Judas betrayed Jesus, resulting in his crucifixion. Later, in grief, Judas hung himself from a tree.

On the other hand — the events were necessary for the salvation of humankind. The Gospel of Judas speaks of these events as a Divine plan, conspired between Jesus and Judas, all necessary for the enlightenment of planet Earth. So maybe 13 turned out to be lucky in the long run.

Norse Mythology tells a similar tale of a Valhalla Banquet in which  12 gods were invited. Loki, the famous trickster, crashed the party. Using poison mistletoe, Loki then caused the death of Balder, one of the most beloved gods. Balder, unlike Jesus, did not resurrect.  Despite numerous efforts by Odin and other gods, in the end Balder was not permitted to leave Hel.

On the other hand, Hel, the Underworld, was ruled by the goddess Hel. It could also be seen as a place of transformation and contemplation.  Perhaps Balder found peace with Hel after all.

In 19th century America, a society was created to dispel the myth of unlucky 13, once and for all.

In 1881, Captain William Fowler,  an American Civil War veteran, took it upon himself to form “The Thirteen Club”.  Fowler  had taken part in 13 major battles and had been forced to resign on August 13, 1863. On September 13, 1863 he purchased the Knickerbocker Cottage in New York. The cottage would later be used for his club dinners.

The first dinner of The  Thirteen Club took place at 8:13 P.M. on Friday, January 13th, 1882, in Room 13.  There were of course, 13 people in attendance.  All subsequent meetings took place in room 13 on Friday the 13th.

On the December 13, 1886 meeting, Robert Green Ingersoll, a member and prominent lawyer, declared:

“We have had enough mediocrity, enough policy, enough superstition, enough prejudice, enough provincialism, and the time has come for the American citizen to say: “Hereafter I will be represented by men who are worthy, not only of the great Republic, but of the Nineteenth Century.”

By 1887, the Thirteen Club was 400-strong, over time gaining five U.S. Presidents as honorary members: Chester Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Not bad pickings!

It should also be noted that the United States came from 13 original colonies.  The 13 stripes on our flag represent these. (Count ’em!)

And what of Friday?

Friday got a bad rap because of its association with evil events in the Bible. Besides Jesus crucifixion, the Great Flood allegedly took place on a Friday, as well as Eve’s temptation of Adam. Back then of course, they didn’t have weekends!

For us, Friday marks the end of the work week and beginning of weekend fun.  Besides that, Friday is the day of Freya, the Norse goddess of love, sex, beauty, fertility and gold.  She was also fond of black cats. What’s not to like?

Have a safe, happy and healthy Friday the 13th!

 

 

 

 

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44 comments on “Friday and 13: To Fear Or Not To Fear?

  1. I forgot today is bad luck day. I own a black cat and I love her.

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Patty says:

    Reblogged this on Campbells World.

    Liked by 2 people

  3. And King Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of Knights Templar on Friday 13 October 1307.

    Usually something good happens to me on Friday the 13th. 🙂

    Liked by 2 people

  4. K.M. Allan says:

    So interesting. Thanks for sharing.

    Liked by 2 people

  5. That’s very fascinating about the Aztecs having a goddess of the number 13- The Aztec goddess Tlazolteotl.

    I did not know that.

    I’ve always wanted to someday study Aztec mythology in depth the same way I’ve studied Classical Greek and Roman Mythology in depth.

    I do have an Aztec woman in my vampire novel- the Aztec vampire princess Qonzilqointec who’s the spiritual goddaughter of the Aztec feathered serpent god Quetzalcoatl.

    I’ll have to find a way someday to work the goddess Tlazolteotl in it as well.

    Of course Friday the 13th itself is considered an unlucky day because it was Friday October 13th 1307 that France’s King Philip the Fair arrested the Knights-Templar throughout France.

    Further persecution and arrests of the Knights-Templar followed throughout the continent of Europe.

    The only place where the Knights-Templar weren’t arrested or persecuted was Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 in that time period.

    In fact those Knights-Templar who weren’t arrested throughout the continent of Europe fled to Scotland for safe refuge.

    It was actually a lucky 🍀 and good thing for Scotland that they welcomed and accepted the Knights-Templar.

    For the Knights-Templar were instrumental in helping Robert the Bruce defeat the English forces of England’s King Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn on June 24th 1314 winning independence for Scotland after their conquest by England 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 ‘s King Edward I (the nemesis of Sir William Wallace).

    The Knights-Templar philosophy in Scotland then made their way into one of the Freemasonic rites- the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Interesting stuff indeed! The Aztecs are fascinating. I do not know that much about them, but I loved that they had this goddess for the number 13 and many things that are considered ‘bad’ in western culture. I hope you can incorporate her in your novel! There is not a lot recorded about her… although she does have a Wiki page.

      I had read about the Friday the 13th history of the Knights Templar. A fascinating, and somewhat gory tale! (I did not incorporate it here, because that story alone could be a post in itself, as you know!)

      I believe the Da Vinci Code had a story line with the Knights Templar. Their Freemasonry is interesting too. I think some of the US Founding Fathers were Freemasons, there has been a lot of talk about that. I did not know it was so influential in Scotland, although that does not surprise me!

      Liked by 2 people

    • Hi Dracul and Christine,

      Well, this year in 2018, Mother’s Day was celebrated on Sunday, the 13th of May.

      Happy mid-August to both of you!

      Liked by 1 person

  6. Vicky V says:

    I love The Thirteen Club!
    In some versions of Sleeping Beauty there are 13 Fairies but only 12 are invited to the party. We know what happens next 🙂

    Liked by 2 people

  7. Vasil says:

    I was born on Friday the 13th lol

    Liked by 2 people

  8. Vasil says:

    Very! How did you know? :p

    Liked by 2 people

  9. Olga says:

    Wonderfully informative post, Christine. Sorry I missed it on Friday 13th. By the way, one of my daughter’s was born on Friday 13th. She was supposed to be born on Christmas day, but came late.

    Liked by 2 people

  10. johncoyote says:

    I loved your work today. I hope you are enjoying the days of Summer dear Christine..

    Liked by 1 person

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